This dataset describes 93 new cars for the 1993 model year with 26 variables, including price, mpg ratings, and engine size; it also illustrates a broad range of statistical techniques such as box-whisker plot, confidence intervals, difference in means, one-way ANOVA, contingency table, scatterplot, regression, and correlation.
This free online program describes "how to use a scatterplot to display relationships between variables. Patterns in variables (positive, negative, and linear association) and the importance of outliers are discussed. The program also calculates the least squares regression line of metabolic rate y on lean body mass x for a group of subjects and examines the fit of the regression line by...
This article describes a dataset containing monthly household electric billing charges for ten years. The data can be used to illustrate graphing, descriptive statistics, correlation, seasonal decomposition, a variety of smoothing methods, ARIMA models, forecasting, and multiple regression.
As described in the web page itself: "This document was prepared as an illustration of the use of both t tests and correlation/regression analysis in drawing conclusions from data in an actual study." The study compares athletic performance of swimmers that are optimists vs. pessimists.